Welcome to the first installment of Kid Confidential, a monthly column where Maria Del Duca, M.S. CCC-SLP will be discussing all topics related to speech, language and child development.
First off, let me say that I am not a researcher, I’m an observer. I’m just a clinician like you using Evidence Based Practice (EBP) and trial and error to make my way in the world of language development. I do not claim to be an expert, but I have had a hodge-podge of experiences and have worked with amazing clinicians and educators who have taught me along the way.
Through my years of experience and my constant need for information I have exhausted the minds of those with whom I have worked. I have badgered them with a barrage of questions about why and how they were doing what they were doing. Most of the time, I have found teachers and therapists willing to share their knowledge with me. So today, I’m paying it forward. Let’s talk play skills!
I don’t know about you, but upon completing graduate school I knew a whole lot about normal language acquisition, how to read, understand and review a research article, and how to administer and interpret numerous standardized tests, but I knew nothing about play skills. Of course looking back at it now, this seems a bit ridiculous when we think of the number of children on our caseloads that are younger than five years of age. But at the time, I didn’t know what I didn’t know.
Research shows us that play really is the work of a child. We understand that play skills affect cognition, pragmatics and language development. According to Pretend Play: The Magical Benefits of Role Play, by One Step Ahead:
Pretend play facilitates growth in more than just the areas mentioned above. Encouraging a child to participate in pretend play positively affects:
- Imaginative thinking and exploration
- Abstract thinking
- Problem Solving
- Life skills
- Leadership skills
- Communication development
- Social Skills development
- Use of “Theory of Mind” (understanding/taking another’s perspective)
- Understanding of safety
- Self-confidence and a high self-esteem
We know we should assess play skills in young children. But do we know what developmental play skills look like when we see them? According to the Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education, otherwise known as “the EC bible” in the world of early childhood educators, there are three distinct types and five social stages of play children typically exhibit between birth and age five (Kostelnik, Soderman, and Phipps Whiren). Do you know what they are? Read all about them in the tables below.
I would be remiss if I did not share a word of caution when assessing play skills. There are many cultures that do not value the child-centered, independent play of our western culture. In order to differentially diagnose deficit versus difference we must keep in mind any cultural differences of the child’s family. For more information on this topic, read Multicultural Considerations in Assessment of Play by Tatyana Elleseff MA CCC-SLP.
So now we know what typical play skills look like. How do you assess play skills? What are your favorite materials to use? What topics do you want to see discussed here on Kid Confidential?
Don’t be afraid to share your ideas by commenting below. And remember…“Knowledge is power” (Sir Francis Bacon)!
Kostelnik, Marjorie, Anne Soderman, and Alice Phipps Whiren. Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education. 5. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2011. Print
Maria Del Duca, M.S. CCC-SLP, is a pediatric speech-language pathologist in southern, Arizona. She owns a private practice, Communication Station: Speech Therapy, PLLC, and has a speech and language blog under the same name. Maria received her master’s degree from Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania. She has been practicing as an ASHA certified member since 2003 and is an affiliate of Special Interest Group 16, School-Based Issues. She has experience in various settings such as private practice, hospital and school environments and has practiced speech pathology in NJ, MD, KS and now AZ. Maria has a passion for early childhood, autism spectrum disorders, rare syndromes, and childhood Apraxia of speech. For more information, visit her blog or find her on Facebook.